52/2015

Euroopan neuvoston yleissopimus naisiin kohdistuvan väkivallan ja perheväkivallan ehkäisemisestä ja torjumisesta

Europarådets konvention om förebyggande och bekämpning av våld mot kvinnor och av våld i hemmet

Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence

Perustiedot

Sopimustyyppi:
II Monenväliset sopimukset
4. Ihmisoikeudet ja perusvapaudet
Allekirjoituspäivä:

11.05.2011 (Istanbul)

Ratifiointipäivä:17.04.2015 R
Voimaantulopäivä:01.08.2015
Kansainvälinen voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
Sopimukset: 52/2015 52/2015 53/2015 53/2015
Säädösviitteet: 375/2015 770/2015

Osapuolet

  • ALANKOMAAT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.11.2015 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.03.2016
  • ANDORRA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.04.2014 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
    Varauma:

    ANDORRA

    Renewal of a reservation
    and Communication contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of Andorra, dated 29 January 2020 and in a Communication from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Andorra, dated 9 January 2020, both registered at the Secretariat General on 29 January 2020

    The Principality of Andorra decided to renew for a new period of five years, in conformity with Article 79, paragraph 1, of the Convention, the following reservation:
    "In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, Andorra reserves the right not to apply the provisions laid down in Article 30, paragraph 2, of the Convention."
    In accordance with Article 79, paragraph 3 (If a Party makes a reservation in conformity with Article 78, paragraphs 2 and 3, it shall provide, before its renewal or upon request, an explanation to GREVIO, on the grounds justifying its continuance.), the Government of Andorra wishes to inform that in cases where the prejudice is not covered by other mechanisms, Andorra considers that accepting its subsidiary responsibility and thus granting compensation to those who have suffered serious bodily injury or damage to health would create a disadvantage for victims of other crimes. Moreover, this subsidiary liability is not yet regulated in the domestic legal order.
    This issue was debated in the General Council (Parliament) on 12 December 2019, on the initiative of the Member of Parliament Mrs Judith Salazar Alvarez, who presented the opposition to the renewal of this reservation. Finally, the Chamber granted the maintenance of this reservation with the commitment to make the necessary legislative changes in order to be able to withdraw the reservation to Article 30, paragraph 2, of the Convention as soon as possible. Accordingly, the Government of Andorra has decided to initiate a study of the laws that need to be amended for this purpose.
    Moreover, domestic legislation already provides for a comprehensive protection system that includes, inter alia, social, health, psychological and legal assistance for victims.

  • BELGIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.03.2016 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.07.2016
  • BOSNIA-HERTSEGOVINA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.11.2013 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
  • ESPANJA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.04.2014 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
  • EU
    Sitoutumispäivä: 13.06.2017 A
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • GEORGIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 19.05.2017 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.09.2017
  • IRLANTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 08.03.2019 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.07.2019
  • ISLANTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.04.2018 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2018
  • ITALIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.09.2013 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
  • ITÄVALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.11.2013 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
  • KREIKKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.06.2018 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The Hellenic Republic reserves the right in accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, not to apply paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4 of Article 44 of the convention.

  • KROATIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.06.2018 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.10.2018
  • KYPROS
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.11.2017 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.03.2018
    Varauma:

    In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Republic of Cyprus reserves the right not to apply the provisions laid down in:
    a) Article 30, paragraph 2;
    b) Article 44, paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4; and
    c) Article 59.

  • LIECHTENSTEIN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.11.2016 A
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • LUXEMBURG
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.08.2018 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.12.2018
  • MAKEDONIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.03.2018 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.07.2018
    Varauma:

    In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, the Republic of Macedonia declares that it reserves the right:

    - not to apply or to apply only in specific cases the provisions of Article 30, paragraph 2, of the Convention, in accordance with its applicable legislation (Law on the Children???s Justice) only in relation
    to a child established to have been a victim under final decision of a Court or to have been harmed by an act that is stipulated by law as a criminal offense with elements of violence,

    - not to apply Article 44, paragraph 3, of the Convention and to apply the jurisdiction rules and requirements as set out in its legislation (Chapter 12 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Macedonia entitled ???Application of the Criminal Legislature according to the place of perpetration of the Crime???),

    - not to apply Article 55, paragraph 1 in respect of Article 35 of this Convention regarding minor offences, until the alignment of the provisions of the relevant legislation of the Republic of Macedonia
    with the provisions of the present Convention,

    - not to apply Article 59 of the Convention until the alignment of the provisions of the relevant legislation of the Republic of Macedonia with the provisions of this Convention.

  • MALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 29.07.2014 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.11.2014
  • MOLDOVA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.02.2017 A
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • MONACO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.10.2014 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.2015
    Varauma:

    Renewal of reservations contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of
    Monaco, dated 30 July 2020, transmitted and registered at the Secretariat
    General on 30 July 2020

    The Permanent Representation of Monaco to the Council of Europe has the honour, in accordance with
    Article 79, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the Convention, hereby to notify the Secretary General that the
    Government of the Principality of Monaco is upholding wholly its reservations concerning Articles 30,
    paragraph 2, 44, paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4, and 59 of the Convention.
    In accordance with Article 79, paragraph 3 of the Convention, the Group of Experts on Action against
    Violence against Women and Domestic Violence has been provided with an explanation on the grounds
    justifying the continuance of the reservations, insofar as no relevant legislative or regulatory changes
    have been made since the ratification of the Convention.
    -----
    Note by the Secretariat: The reservations read as follows:
    ???In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Principality of Monaco reserves the right not to
    apply Article 30 paragraph 2, of the Convention and to continue to apply its current legislation in so far as State
    compensation is concerned.
    In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Principality of Monaco reserves the right not to
    apply, in whole or in part, the jurisdiction rules established in Article 44, paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4, of the Convention.
    In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Principality of Monaco reserves the right not to
    apply, in whole or in part, the provisions of Article 59 of the Convention.???

  • MONTENEGRO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.04.2013 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
  • NORJA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.07.2017 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.11.2017
  • PORTUGALI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.02.2013 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
  • PUOLA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 27.04.2015 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2015
    Varauma:

    Withdrawal of a reservation contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of Poland,
    dated 28 January 2021, registered at the Secretariat General on
    28 January 2021

    Having regard to the Articles 78 and 79 of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating
    violence against women and domestic violence, the Republic of Poland notifies the decision to modify
    the scope of application of the aforementioned Convention in respect of the Republic of Poland, by
    withdrawing the reservation to Article 58 thereof.
    -----
    Note by the Secretariat: The reservation to Article 58 read as follows:
    ???In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, the Republic of Poland reserves hereby that Article 58 of the Convention
    shall not be applied in respect of Articles 37, 38 and 39 of the Convention.???

    ************************''

    Amendments and renewal of reservations contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative
    of Poland, dated 28 January 2021, registered at the
    Secretariat General on 28 January 2021

    Having regard to the Articles 78 and 79 of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating
    violence against women and domestic violence, the Republic of Poland notifies the decision to modify
    the scope of application of the aforementioned Convention in respect of the Republic of Poland, by
    extending for a further period of five years the reservation to Article 55 thereof:
    ???In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, the Republic of Poland reserves hereby that Article 55,
    paragraph 1, of the Convention shall not be applied in respect of Article 35 regarding minor
    offences.???
    and by modifying the reservations to Articles 30.2 and 44.1 thereof:
    ???In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, the Republic of Poland reserves hereby that Article 30,
    paragraph 2, of the Convention shall be applied solely in regard of victims whose habitual residence
    is the Republic of Poland or other Member States of the European Union and in accordance with a
    procedure provided for by national law.
    In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, the Republic of Poland reserves the right not to apply
    Article 44, paragraph 1.e, of the Convention except for the cases when the jurisdiction over
    foreigners results from Polish law.???
    -----
    Note by the Secretariat: The reservations to Articles 30 and 44 made at the time of ratification of the Convention
    read as follows:
    ???In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, the Republic of Poland reserves hereby that Article 30, paragraph 2, of
    the Convention shall be applied solely in regard of victims who are citizens of the Republic of Poland or the European
    Union and in accordance with a procedure provided for by national law.
    In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, the Republic of Poland reserves the right not to apply the Convention
    when the offence is committed by a person whose habitual residences is the Republic of Poland.???

  • RANSKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 04.07.2014 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.11.2014
    Varauma:

    Renewal of reservations contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of France, dated 30 July 2019, registered at the Secretariat General on 31 July 2019
    In accordance with Article 79, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Government of France declares that it upholds wholly its reservations made at the time of approval of the Convention, on 4 July 2014, for the period of five years set out in Article 79, paragraph 1, of the Convention, insofar as the legal situation leading to their formulation has not changed in such a way as to allow the lifting of these reservations.

  • ROMANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.05.2016 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.09.2016
    Varauma:

    Reservations contained in the instrument of ratification deposited on 23 May 2016
    In accordance with Article 78, paragraphs 1 and 2, of the Convention, Romania reserves the right not to apply or to apply only in specific cases or conditions the provisions laid down in:
    - Article 30, paragraph 2;
    - Article 44, paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4;
    - Article 55, paragraph 1, in respect of Article 35 regarding minor offences;
    -Article 59.
    In accordance with Article 78, paragraphs 1 and 3, of the Convention, Romania reserves the right to provide for non-criminal sanctions, instead of criminal sanctions, for the behaviors referred into Articles 33 and 34.

  • RUOTSI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 01.07.2014 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.11.2014
  • SAKSA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.10.2017 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.2018
    Varauma:

    In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Federal Republic of Germany reserves the right not to apply the provisions laid down in Article 59, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the Convention.

    The guidance contained in Article 59, paragraphs 1 and 2, regarding the residence status of victims of domestic violence is in principle enacted by Section 31 (1) and (2) of the German Residence Act (AufenthG). For example, Section 31 (2), second sentence, states that a spouse who is the victim of domestic violence shall be granted an independent right of residence, even if the stipulated requirement, i.e. three years of lawful marital cohabitation in the Federal territory, has not been met; provided that the provisions of Section 31 (2), second sentence, have been complied with, this spouse does not face deportation under German law. That said, the legislative content of Article 59, paragraph 2, is ambiguous. According to Paragraph 306 of the Explanatory Report, under the Convention, for victims who find themselves in situations where they face repatriation because expulsion proceedings have been initiated against their abusive and violent spouse or partner, Parties must take appropriate measures to ensure that these victims are given the possibility to obtain the suspension of expulsion proceedings against themselves and to apply for residence status on humanitarian grounds. However, German law does differentiate between residence for family reasons and humanitarian grounds; prerequisites for, and legal consequences of, these two residence permits differ. The contents of Section 31 (2) relate to residence permits for family reasons. Hence, Germany considers that, regarding the interpretation of Article 59, paragraph 2, uncertainties do exist, and furthermore considers that these could not be clarified during the negotiations or in the Explanatory Report. Therefore, in accordance with Article 59, paragraph 2, Germany continues to reserve the right not to apply Article 59, paragraph 2, as Germany asserted at the time of signature of the Convention.

  • SAN MARINO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 28.01.2016 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.05.2016
  • SERBIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.11.2013 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
    Varauma:

    Reservations and Declarations

    SERBIA
    Partial renewal of a reservation contained in a letter from the Permanent Representative of Serbia, dated 31 January 2020, registered at the Secretariat General on 31 January 2020 ??? Or. Engl.
    In accordance with Article 79, paragraph 1, of the Convention, the Republic of Serbia informs that it has decided to renew its reservation in respect of Article 30, paragraph 2, of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention) for the next five-year period, taking into account that for the time being it is not able to calculate the amount of the funds to be awarded by the State to pay compensation to the victims of acts of violence, including violence against women, since information on the number of proceedings instituted against the perpetrators and the State is currently not available in official records as it is not collected from court case files, whereas it has decided to withdraw the reservation in respect of Article 44, paragraph 1.e and paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Convention.
    -----
    Note by the Secretariat: The reservation read as follows:
    ???In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, subparagraphs 1 and 2, of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, the Republic of Serbia reserves the right not to apply the provisions under Article 30, paragraph 2, and Article 44, paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4, of the Convention pending the alignment of its national criminal legislation with the said provisions of the Convention.???
    SERBIE

  • SLOVENIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.02.2015 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.06.2015
    Varauma:

    Reservations and Declarations

    SLOVENIA
    Renewal of a reservation contained in a Note verbale from the Permanent Representation of Slovenia, dated 10 February 2020, registered at the Secretariat General on 11 February 2020

    In accordance with Article 79, paragraph 1, of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, the Republic of Slovenia informs that it has decided to uphold wholly its reservation, made when depositing its instrument of ratification, for a period of five-years.
    -----
    Note by the Secretariat: The reservation reads as follows:
    ???In accordance with Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Republic of Slovenia declares that it reserves the right not to apply the provisions laid down in
    ??? Article 30, paragraph 2;
    ??? Article 44, paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4;
    ??? Article 55, paragraph 1 in respect of Article 35 regarding minor offences;
    ??? Article 58 in respect of Articles 37, 38 and 39, and
    ??? Article 59.???
    SLOV??NIE

  • TANSKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.04.2014 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
    Varauma:

    In accordance with Article 79, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark declares that it upholds wholly its reservation made at the time of ratification of the Convention for the period of five years set out in Article 79, paragraph 1, of the Convention.
    ------
    Note by the Secretariat: The reservations made at the time of ratification of the Convention read as follows:
    ???With regard to Article 78, paragraph 2, of the Convention, Denmark reserves the right not to apply provisions laid down in Article 44, paragraph 3, in respect of Articles 36, 37 and 39 of the Convention.
    With regard to Article 78, paragraph 3, of the Convention, Denmark reserves the right to provide for non-criminal sanctions, instead of criminal sanctions, for the behaviours referred to in Article 34 of the Convention.???

    Period covered: 5 years as from 1 August 2019.

  • TURKKI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.03.2012 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.08.2014
  • VIRO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.10.2017 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.2018
    Varauma:

    In accordance with Article 10, paragraph 1, of the Convention, the Republic of Estonia declares that the co-ordinating body designated for implementing the Convention in Estonia is the Ministry of Justice.

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