1/1998

Kansallisten vähemmistöjen suojelua koskeva puiteyleissopimus

Ramkonvention för skydd av nationella minoriteter

Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities

Perustiedot

Sopimustyyppi:
II Monenväliset sopimukset
4. Ihmisoikeudet ja perusvapaudet
Allekirjoituspäivä:

01.02.1995 (Strasbourg)

Ratifiointipäivä:03.10.1997 R
Voimaantulopäivä:01.02.1998
Kansainvälinen voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
Sopimukset: 1/1998 2/1998
Säädösviitteet: 11/1998 12/1998

Osapuolet

  • ALANKOMAAT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 16.02.2005 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.06.2005
    Varauma:

    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan Euroopassa sijaitsevaan kuningaskuntaan.

    The Kingdom of the Netherlands will apply the Framework Convention to the Frisians.

    The Government of the Netherlands assumes that the protection afforded by Article 10, paragraph 3, does not differ, despite the variations in wording, from that afforded by Article 5, paragraph 2, and Article 6, paragraph 3 (a) and (e), of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  • ALBANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 28.09.1999 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.01.2000
  • ARMENIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.07.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.11.1998
  • AZERBAIDZHAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.06.2000 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.10.2000
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    The Republic of Azerbaijan, confirming its adherence to the universal values and respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms, declares that the ratification of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and implementation of its provisions do not imply any right to engage in any activity violating the territorial integrity and sovereignty, or internal and international security of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

  • BOSNIA-HERTSEGOVINA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 24.02.2000 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.06.2000
  • BULGARIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.05.1999 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.09.1999
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    Confirming its adherence to the values of the Council of Europe and the desire for the integration of Bulgaria into the European structures, committed to the policy of protection of human rights and tolerance to persons belonging to minorities, and their full integration into Bulgarian society, the National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria declares that the ratification and implementation of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities do not imply any right to engage in any activity violating the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the unitary Bulgarian State, its internal and international security.

  • ESPANJA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 01.09.1995 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • GEORGIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.12.2005 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.04.2006
  • IRLANTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.05.1999 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.09.1999
  • ISO-BRITANNIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 15.01.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.05.1998
  • ITALIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 03.11.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.03.1998
  • ITÄVALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 31.03.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.07.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    The Republic of Austria declares that, for itself, the term "national minorities" within the meaning of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities is understood to designate those groups which come within the scope of application of the Law on Ethnic Groups (Volksgruppengesetz, Federal Law Gazette No. 396/1976) and which live and traditionally have had their home in parts of the territory of the Republic of Austria and which are composed of Austrian citizens with non-German mother tongues and with their own ethnic cultures.

  • KROATIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 11.10.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • KYPROS
    Sitoutumispäivä: 04.06.1996 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • LATVIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.06.2005 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.10.2005
    Varauma:

    The Republic of Latvia

    - Recognizing the diversity of cultures, religions and languages in Europe, which constitutes one of the features of the common European identity and a particular value,
    - Taking into account the experience of the Council of Europe member States and the wish to foster the preservation and development of national minority cultures and languages, while respecting the sovereignty and national-cultural identity of every State,
    - Affirming the positive role of an integrated society, including the command of the State language, to the life of a democratic State,
    - Taking into account the specific historical experience and traditions of Latvia,

    declares that the notion "national minorities" which has not been defined in the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, shall, in the meaning of the Framework Convention, apply to citizens of Latvia who differ from Latvians in terms of their culture, religion or language, who have traditionally lived in Latvia for generations and consider themselves to belong to the State and society of Latvia, who wish to preserve and develop their culture, religion or language. Persons who are not citizens of Latvia or another State but who permanently and legally reside in the Republic of Latvia, who do not belong to a national minority within the meaning of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities as defined in this declaration, but who identify themselves with a national minority that meets the definition contained in this declaration, shall enjoy the rights prescribed in the Framework Convention, unless specific exceptions are prescribed by law.

    The Republic of Latvia declares that it will apply the provisions of Article 10, paragraph 2, of the Framework Convention without prejudice to the Satversme (Constitution) of the Republic of Latvia and the legislative acts governing the use of the State language that are currently into force.

    The Republic of Latvia declares that it will apply the provisions of Article 11, paragraph 2, of the Framework Convention without prejudice to the Satversme (Constitution) of the Republic of Latvia and the legislative acts governing the use of the State language that are currently into force.

  • LIECHTENSTEIN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.11.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.03.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    The Principality of Liechtenstein declares that Articles 24 and 25, in particular, of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities of 1 February 1995 are to be understood having regard to the fact that no national minorities in the sense of the Framework Convention exist in the territory of the Principality of Liechtenstein. The Principality of Liechtenstein considers its ratification of the Framework Convention as an act of solidarity in the view of the objectives of the Convention.

  • LIETTUA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.03.2000 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.07.2000
  • MAKEDONIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.04.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
    Varauma:

    Declarations

    The term "national minorities" used in the Framework Convention and the provisions of the same Convention shall be applied to the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia who live within its borders and who are part of the Albanian people, Turkish people, Vlach people, Serbian people, Roma people and Bosniac people.

  • MALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.02.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.06.1998
    Varauma:

    The Government of Malta reserves the right not to be bound by the provisions of Article 15 insofar as these entail the right to vote or to stand for election either for the House of Representatives of for Local Councils.

    The Government of Malta declares that Articles 24 and 25, in particular, of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities of 1 February 1995 are to be understood having regard to the fact that no national minorities in the sense of the Framework Convention exist in the territory of the Government of Malta. The Government of Malta considers its ratification of the Framework Convention as an act of solidarity in the view of the objectives of the Convention.

  • MOLDOVA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.11.1996 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • MONTENEGRO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 11.05.2001 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 06.06.2006
  • NORJA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.03.1999 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.07.1999
  • PORTUGALI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.05.2002 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.09.2002
  • PUOLA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.12.2000 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.04.2001
    Varauma:

    Declarations

    Taking into consideration the fact, that the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities contains no definition of the notion of national minorities, the Republic of Poland declares that it understands this term as national minorities residing within the territory of the Republic of Poland and whose members are at the same time Polish citizens.

    The Republic of Poland shall implement the Framework Convention under Article 18 of the Convention by concluding the international agreements referred to in this article, the aim of which is to protect national minorities in Poland and minorities or groups of Poles in other States.

  • ROMANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 11.05.1995 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • RUOTSI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 09.02.2000 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.06.2000
    Varauma:

    The national minorities in Sweden are Sami, Swedish Finns, Tornedalers, Roma and Jews.

  • SAKSA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.09.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    The Framework Convention contains no definition of the notion of national minorities. It is therefore up to the individual Contracting Parties to determine the groups to which it shall apply after ratification. National Minorities in the Federal republic of Germany are the Danes of German Citizenship and the members of the Sorbian people with German citizenship. The Framework Convention will also be applied to members of the ethnic groups traditionally resident in Germany, the Frisians of German citizenship and the Sinti and Roma of German citizenship.

  • SAN MARINO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.12.1996 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • SERBIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 11.05.2001 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.09.2001
  • SLOVAKIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.09.1995 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • SLOVENIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 25.03.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.07.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    Considering that the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities does not contain a definition of the notion of national minorities and it is therefore up to the individual Contracting Party to determine the groups which it shall consider as national minorities, the Government of the Republic of Slovenia, in accordance with the Constitution and internal legislation of the Republic of Slovenia, declares that these are the autochthonous Italian and Hungarian National Minorities. In accordance with the Constitution and internal legislation of the Republic of Slovenia, the provisions of the Framework Convention shall apply also to the members of the Roma community, who live in the Republic of Slovenia.

  • SVEITSI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.10.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1999
    Varauma:

    Declarations

    Switzerland declares that in Switzerland national minorities in the sense of the framework Convention are groups of individuals numerically inferior to the rest of the population of the country or of a canton, whose members are Swiss nationals, have long-standing, firm and lasting ties with Switzerland and are guided by the will to safeguard together what constitutes their common identity, in particular their culture, their traditions, their religion or their language.

    Switzerland declares that the provisions of the framework Convention governing the use of the language in relations between individuals and administrative authorities are applicable without prejudice to the principles observed by the Confederation and the cantons in the determination of official languages.

  • TANSKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.09.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    In connection with the deposit of the instrument of ratification by Denmark of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, it is hereby declared that the Framework Convention shall apply to the German minority in South Jutland of the Kingdom of Denmark.

  • TSHEKKI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.12.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.04.1998
  • UKRAINA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.01.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.05.1998
  • UNKARI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 25.09.1995 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
  • VENÄJÄ
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.08.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.12.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    The Russian Federation considers that none is entitled to include unilaterally in reservations or declarations, made while signing or ratifying the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, a definition of the term "national minority", which is not contained in the Framework Convention. In the opinion of the Russian Federation, attempts to exclude from the scope of the Framework Convention the persons who permanently reside in the territory of States Parties to the Framework Convention and previously had a citizenship but have been arbitrarily deprived of it, contradict the purpose of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.

  • VIRO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.01.1997 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.02.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    The Republic of Estonia understands the term "national minorities", which is not defined in the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, as follows: are considered as "national minority" those citizens of Estonia who

    - reside on the territory of Estonia;
    - maintain longstanding, firm and lasting ties with Estonia;
    - are distinct from Estonians on the basis of their ethnic, cultural, religious or linguistic characteristics;
    - are motivated by a concern to preserve together their cultural traditions, their religion or their language, which constitute the basis of their common identity.

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